Basic Networking Definitions

Basic Networking Definitions.

Today we are going to discuss some very basic definitions used in networking field.If you are interested in networking,then it will be very helpful for you to prepare your mind for networking battle.

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Protocol.

It is a set of predefined rules that allow someone to communicate with others.

IP Address.

It is just like your home address.We write IP address in decimal form and computer understand it in binary form.

Routing Protocol.

Used to define route in networking cloud.

Packet.

It is just like a box in which u put your message and send it over internet.

Packet Switching.

It is a digital networking communication method that groups all transmitted data into suitable block size,called packets,which are transmitted by a medium that may be a shared or dedicated.

Host.

A computer or other devices on TCP/IP network.

Client Computer.

A computer which is using services provided by another computers.

Server Computer.

A computer which provides services to another computers.

Unicast.

It is a type of message which is send by a computer to any specific computer.

Multicast.

It is a type of message which is send by a computer to some selected computers.

Broadcast.

It is a message that is send by computer to all computers in a network.

Network Devices.

Devices that are used to form a network/Internet.

Collision Domain.

A section of a network connected by shared medium.A collision occurs when more then one device try to transmit some data at the same time.

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