Telecom Standards

Standards are essential in creating and maintaining an open and competitive market for equipment manufacturers and in guaranteeing national and international interoperability of data and telecommunications technology and processes.
Software Defined Networking SDN

Software defined network enables the network to be intelligent, centrally controlled and programmable using software. SDN controllers are used to direct traffic on the network and communicate with the underlying hardware infrastructure.
Optical fiber Losses

  We have already discussed Optical fiber, Power meter and OTDR in our previous videos. Today we will focus on fiber losses only. Fiber Optic Comm  Fiber optic cable is lighter, smaller and flexible than copper cable. It can transmit…
5G Network technology

5G Technology 5G is the fifth generation of wireless network technology. 5G is the next generation of wireless technology, designed to fulfill the User demand of increased bandwidth. Future technologies such as IoT,  high-quality video streaming and virtual reality require…
Optical Power meter OPM

Optical Power Light energy per unit time. A power is measured in watts = joules / second. In optical communications, powers is calculated dBm. Optical powers are measured with optical power meters.Optical power meter and Optical time domain reflectometers (OTDRs)…
Electromagnetic waves

Wave A wave is a disturbance that transfer energy from one place to another. It does not transfer matter during the energy transfer. Electromagnetic wave Electromagnetic waves are created by accelerating charges.EM waves are composed of oscillating magnetic and electric…
How mobile phone works

Mobile Phone A mobile phone is a device used to make and receive calls over a radio frequency carrier (Electromagnetic waves) while the user is moving within a telephone service area. Mobile phones use a cellular network architecture therefore they…