PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy



PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy

PCM

Pulse code modulation is the basic block for PDH SDH and SONET. Sampling frequency must be twice the higher frequency component of the signal.
Voice frequency sampling rate 8KHz (0.3 to 3.4 KHz = 4KHz).
Each sample encoded into 8 bits (256 level quantization).
Bit rate = 8000 * 8 = 64 Kbps.

PDH Hierarchy

•30 Channel PCM = 2 Mbps 30 Voice channel
•2 Mbps x 4 = 8 Mbps 120 Voice channel
•8 Mbps x 4 = 34 Mbps 480 Voice channel
•34 Mbps x 4 = 140 Mbps 1920 Voice channel
•140 Mbps x 4 = 565 Mbps 7680 Voice channel

PDH disadvantages

Plesiochronous Structure.
Every apparatus has its own clock. Input tributary clock rate is slow than multiplexing equipments. No network level synchronisation.bit stuffing is used.

Restricted management.
Low level tributary access require full system de-multiplex.
No monitoring overhead.
No management overhead.
No NMS provisioning.
No common standard among vendors.
Only point to point communication.
A complex cabling infrastructure between multiplexers. Big size.
No standard optical interfaces.

 

 

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7 Responses to "PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy"

  1. Great work sir, ap ne bht he asan words ma kafi muskal chezein asan taraqy se define ker di ha. Sir aik request ha agr ap kindly PTN 960/3900 and OSN pa koi lecture day dy tu bht mahrabni hoge….
    May Allah gave you the best reward.

    Reply
  2. sir ye modulation or multiplexing ki videos lecture kya ap ne upload ki he kya me ne apki website par search kya leken mil nahe rahe

    Reply

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