MAC Addresses is unique 48-bits address embedded into a Network Interface card NIC during manufacturing process. These 6-byte addresses are expressed in 12 digits hexadecimal numbers.
Network topology refers to how various network elements ( Router, Switches, computers, wires) are physically or logically connected to each other.
Firewall is a network security tool that monitors incoming and outgoing network traffic and permits or blocks data packets based on defined rules.
Information Technology infrastructure refers to the composite required to deliver IT services to its employees withing organization.
A specialised machine / software used to connect multiple clients for a service. ( Local or Over internet). It may be physical or located on a cloud.
The way in which data is transmitted from one device to another device is known as transmission mode.
Standards are essential in creating and maintaining an open and competitive market for equipment manufacturers and in guaranteeing national and international interoperability of data and telecommunications technology and processes.
The effectiveness of a data communications system depends on some fundamental factors: delivery, accuracy, Timeliness, Jitter, Error detection & Correction.
Data communication is the exchange of information/data between two devices by using some transmission medium such as a cable or air.
Software defined network enables the network to be intelligent, centrally controlled and programmable using software. SDN controllers are used to direct traffic on the network and communicate with the underlying hardware infrastructure.