Video Source # 2
Posted by Technology guide in Urdu and Hindi on Tuesday, 10 November 2020
Standards are essential in creating and maintaining an open and competitive market for equipment manufacturers and in guaranteeing national and international interoperability of data and telecommunications technology and processes.
Standards provide guidelines to manufacturers, vendors, government agencies, and other service providers to ensure the kind of inter connectivity necessary in today’s marketplace and in international communications.
-Compatibility with existing network.
International Organization for Standardization (ISO). A multinational body whose members are from the standards creation committees of various governments throughout the world.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies from more than 140 countries, one from each country. ISO is a nongovernmental organization that promotes the development of standardization and related activities. ISO’s work results in international agreements that are published as International Standards
The Internet SOCiety (ISOC) is a professional membership society with more than 150 organizational and 6000 individual members in over 100 countries. It provides leadership in addressing issues that confront the future of the Internet and is the organization home for the groups responsible for Internet infrastructure standards, including the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the Internet Architecture Board (IAB). All of the RFCs and Internet standards are developed through these organizations
IETF standards documents are called requests for comments (RFCs). They define protocols such as TCP, IP, HTTP (for the Web), and SMTP (for e-mail).
International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication Standards Sector (ITU-T). By the early 1970s, a number of countries were defining national standards for telecommunications, but there was still little international compatibility. The United Nations responded by forming, as part of its International Telecommunication Union (ITU),
International Telecommunication Union Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) formally approved the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) 5G technology as International Mobile Telecommunications
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). It is the largest professional engineering society in the world. It aims to advance theory, creativity, and product quality in the fields of electrical engineering, electronics, and radio as well as in all related branches of engineering. As one of its goals, the IEEE oversees the development and adoption of international standards for computing and communications.
IEEE 802: LAN/MAN Standards Committee develops local area network standards and metropolitan area network standards. The most widely used standards are for the Ethernet family.